The Pelvic Floor Muscle
The relevant muscles for ensuring continence include the internal sphincter (under involuntary control), the external sphincter and the pelvic floor muscles. The external sphincter is under voluntary control of the Central Nervous System and consists of skeletal muscle fibers (losing about 2% of its strength each year). The external sphincter is primary responsible for ensuring continence.
The Pelvic Floor Muscles are the second line of defense.
Pelvic Floor Muscles are a highly complex set of muscles.
Their key function is to support the reproductive and urinary organs and also to push the urethra against the public bone to ensure further closure.
Role of Pelvic Floor Muscles
The Pelvic Floor Muscles acts as a "hammock" like muscle that stretches from public bone to the tall bone. One key function of the Pelvic Floor Muscles is to support and lift the pelvic organ. When the Pelvic Floor Muscles become weak the pelvic organs prolapsed. These lead to incontinence as well as the deterioration of the sexual function.
Study show that 1 out of every 4 women suffers from some form of involuntary leakage of urine, typical called the urinary incontinence.
There are various type of incontinence, including:
Stress Urinary Incontinence after Pregnancy or Menopause
The most common reason for Incontinence amongst women is the weakening, stretching and damaging of the pelvic Floor Muscles after Vaginal delivery.
After vaginal delivery, the pelvic floor muscles get stretched. This leads to a stretching of the supporting fascia and ligaments. The result is that the urinary organs start to "prolapsed". They can no longer close the urethra resulting in incontinence.
Menopause is another common risk factor for incontinence. The reduction of estrogen production results in a sharp decrease in the strength of muscles and urethral tissue.
Ercetile Dysfunction (ED) is the consistent inability to maintain an erect penis with sufficient rigidity to allow for
sexual inter course.
Erectile Dysfunction can be caused by a combination of various factors including psychological, harmonal, neurologic or vascular. ED is normally closely related to cardiovascular disease. Against the background of these risk factors, two solutions can substantially improve the situation of sexual dysfunction: